What is InVitro Fertilization?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the combination of an egg and a sperm in a test tube under laboratory conditions, in order to obtain fertilized embryos that are transferred into the woman's uterus to become pregnant. This method is relatively simple. Its theory has been developed to the smallest detail, and its application gives very high results. IVF is the main treatment of infertility worldwide. It is effective in all forms.
When Is It Used?
IVF is indicated in many cases of infertility that cannot be cured in any other way. These may be serious pathologies of the fallopian tubes that caused their obstruction, and even their complete absence, a small number of full-fledged motile sperm in a partner, immunological infertility, endometriosis.
IVF Success Rates
- 66% for women under 30.
- 40% for women aged 31-35.
- 20% for women aged 36-39.
- 10% for women aged 40-42.
- 3% for women aged 43-45.
Indications For In Vitro Fertilization
- Failure of previous IUI treatment or artificial insemination
- Age-related infertility
- Repeated miscarriages
- Single motherhood
- Lesbian, bisexual or transgender motherhood
- Availability of genetic diseases in the past
- Tubal-peritoneal factor
- Sperm pathology
- Ovulation disorders
- nfertility for unknown reasons
Benefits Of IVF
- IVF allows a woman who has congenital or acquired disorders of the reproductive system to become a mother.
- IVF allows a woman older than 40 years to become a mother and give birth to her genetic child.
- The whole process of conception and gestation is controlled by specialists, the risk of serious genetic pathologies is minimal.
- Specialists select for IVF the most viable oocytes and sperm without structural abnormalities.
- And finally, IVF allows cryopreservation of female reproductive cells before chemotherapy or radiation for malignant tumours, as well as for social reasons, when a woman first wants to build a career and only then become a mother.
IVF process. Step By Step
- First contact.
Validation of medical information and screening.
- Consultation and
ivf treatment procedure.
- Ovarian stimulation
- Egg collection
- In vitro fertilisation
- Embryo culture
- Embryo transfer
- Pregnancy testLearn more
We are happy to provide you with more details on egg donation + NGS.
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Validation of medical information and screening.
To start the program, you need to contact by email or WhatsApp the coordinator of Forsa Fertility. He will provide you with a list of tests that you need to do before arrival as well as a questionnaire that you need to fill out. After the validation of your records by our doctor, we will set up the first appointment with you (depending on the reception hours and availability of our doctor).
IVF treatment procedure.
The first visit includes: consultation with our gynaecologist, medical tests (serology + smears + karyotype + blood tests + hormonology + sperm collection). At the time of the consultation, our gynaecologist will establish the protocol for you in advance. According to the stimulation protocol, you will know the date of the IVF and the transfer.
You are going to take the medicines for the growth of the follicles (oocytes), these will be the hormonal injections. We will monitor the development of follicles. For IVF to be successful it is necessary to obtain a few mature eggs during a menstrual cycle. This possibility is achieved by drugs such as Puregon, Merional, Gonal and others. These drugs help control the menstruation cycle and the maturation of the oocytes.
In the IVF program, the transvaginal puncture of ovarian follicles is the final stage of stimulation. The procedure is carried out simultaneously with the collection of sperm from the intended father. Puncture of follicles during the IVF process has the only purpose – collection of a sufficient number of mature oocytes for their subsequent fertilization in the laboratory. Puncture of the ovaries is performed under general anaesthesia.
In vitro fertilisation
In vitro procedure is carried out by the embryologists in the embryological laboratory. After the oocytes aspiration, they are combined with the husband's sperm and placed in an incubator-thermostat where fertilization takes place.
On the second or third day after fertilization, the embryos are assessed for the feasibility of their further cultivation. If there is a sufficient number of dividing embryos, they are placed in the special medium and cultured for two or three additional days. The purpose of extended culture is to select for transfer embryos that have reached the blastocyst stage and will give a higher chance of pregnancy
The embryo transfer procedure does not require anaesthesia as it is absolutely painless. With the help of a small-diameter guidewire, a catheter with the special medium is inserted through the cervix into the uterine cavity where one or more embryos are placed. After the end of the embryo transfer procedure, a woman can go home in a few hours.
After the embryo transfer, assessment of the level of chorionic gonadotropin in the blood is the most reliable method for determining early pregnancy. After carrying out the embryo transfer in the infertility treatment program, it is recommended to determine the level of hCG in the blood on the 12-14th day.