What is Egg Donation?
The egg donation procedure is an IVF cycle with donor oocytes. Fertilization occurs using the eggs of another woman – the donor. Donor eggs are fertilized with the partner's sperm and injected into the uterus of the patient (recipient). In this case, the child will be completely genetic for a man, and for a woman – by blood only.
Who Is Egg Donation Treatment Suitable For?
The use of donor oocytes helps become a mother when the ovaries are completely insolvent. The fresh egg program starts with donor stimulation for the intended mother. Donors are asked for help when one of the partners has diseases that prevent natural fertilization, or genetic pathologies that the child can inherit. The chances of pregnancy are very high as all donors are at the peak of their reproductive health and undergo a thorough examination.
Egg Donation Success Rates
- 96% for women under 30.
- 92% for women aged 31-35.
- 88% for women aged 36-39.
- 86% for women aged 40-42.
- 80% for women aged 43-45.
Indications For Egg Donation
The use of donor oocytes in the IVF program is indicated in the following cases:
- Premature ovarian failure
- Defects of the ovaries structure
- Unsuccessful previous IVF cycles due to the ovarian failure
- Genetic diseases transmitted through the female line
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Infertility due to radiation or chemicals exposure
- Unsuccessful previous insemination attempts
- Repeated miscarriages
- Low count or motility of sperm
- Age-related infertility
- Occlusion or ligation of the fallopian tubes
- Single motherhood
- Lesbian, bisexual or transgender motherhood
- Availability of genetic diseases in the past
- Infertility for unknown reasons
Advantages Of Egg Donation
- IVF with an egg donor means that the woman's age does not matter for a successful conception.
- The use of donor eggs is also very effective for women suffering from premature ovarian failure, repeated miscarriages and other problems.
- With the help of donor eggs, women who cannot conceive a child with their own eggs can experience the joy of pregnancy and motherhood.
- A big advantage is the ability to choose a donor after getting acquainted with the information about her age, blood group, eye and hair colour, height, education. This makes it more likely that the child will inherit the desired traits.
- Since the program involves young, screened egg donors, there is no risk of chromosomal and genetic diseases for the unborn child.
Egg Donation. Step By Step
- First contact.
Validation of medical information and screening
- Consultation and
IVF treatment procedure.
- Endometrial preparation
- Donor’s egg collection
- In vitro fertilisation
- Embryo culture
- Embryo transfer
- Pregnancy test Learn more
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Egg Donation process
Validation of medical information and screening
To start the program, you need to contact by email or WhatsApp the coordinator of Forsa Fertility. He will provide you with a list of tests that you need to do before arrival as well as a questionnaire that you need to fill out. After the validation of your records by our doctor, we will set up the first appointment with you (depending on the reception hours and availability of our doctor).
IVF treatment procedure
The first visit includes: consultation with our gynaecologist, medical tests (serology + smears + karyotype + blood tests + hormonology + sperm collection). At the time of the consultation, our gynaecologist will establish the protocol for you in advance. According to the stimulation protocol, you will know the date of the IVF and the transfer.
During the treatment, a donor and a female patient are following a synchronization protocol. The donor takes the drugs for the growth of the follicles (oocytes), these are the hormonal injections. We will monitor the development of follicles. For IVF to be successful, it is necessary to obtain a few mature eggs during a menstrual cycle. This possibility is achieved by fertility drugs such as Puregon, Merional, Gonal, and others. These drugs help control the menstruation cycle and the maturation of the oocytes. The female patient also takes hormonal treatment which boosts the growth of the endometrium.
Donor’s egg collection
In the IVF program, the transvaginal puncture of ovarian follicles is the final stage of stimulation for a donor. The procedure is carried out simultaneously with the collection of sperm from the intended father. Puncture of follicles during the IVF process has the only purpose – collection of a sufficient number of mature oocytes from the donor for their subsequent fertilization in the laboratory. The ovarian puncture is performed under general anaesthesia.
In vitro fertilisation
In vitro procedure is carried out by the embryologists in the embryological laboratory. After the oocytes aspiration, they are combined with the husband's sperm and placed in an incubator-thermostat where fertilization takes place.
On the second or third day after fertilization, the embryos are assessed for the feasibility of their further cultivation. If there is a sufficient number of dividing embryos, they are placed in the special medium and cultured for two or three additional days. The purpose of extended culture is to select for transfer the embryos that have reached the blastocyst stage and will give a higher chance of pregnancy.
The embryo transfer procedure does not require anaesthesia as it is absolutely painless. With the help of a small-diameter guidewire, a catheter with the special medium is inserted through the cervix into the uterine cavity where one or more embryos are placed. After the end of the embryo transfer procedure, a woman can go home in a few hours.
After the embryo transfer, assessment of the level of chorionic gonadotropin in the blood is the most reliable method for determining early pregnancy. After carrying out the embryo transfer in the infertility treatment program, it is recommended to determine the level of hCG in the blood on the 12-14th day.